Traditional Chinese Medicine
Main building of Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine , Harbin, China
Traditional Chinese medicine developed 5,000 years ago during China's golden age, an era of unprecedented cultural prosperity. This sophisticated
culture pioneered the discovery and orderly use of medicinal plants and invented a unique therapeutic modality called acupuncture, now widely
practiced around the world.
The system of medical education in China differs from that in the United States. Two routes of study exist to become a medical doctor. Upon
taking national examinations, high school students with the appropriate qualification can elect to go to either medical school or traditional
Chinese medical school. These two choices are both on equal footing.
The main difference between the two consists of the amount of education received covering traditional Chinese medicine. Conventional medical
students only learn a little bit about traditional medicine, while traditional students must learn the full scope of conventional and traditional
The medical degree requires five years of intensive study. The Masters of Science in Oriental Medicine degree required three more years of
study. Finally, a few select students qualify for the Ph.D. program, which they complete in three years and are then designated as professors.
They are trained in both western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.
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